What are Microbes?
Microbes are micro-organisms which are too small to be seen by the naked eye. Some examples of microbes are bacteria, fungi, virus and algae.
How Small are Microbes?
Microbes are so small that they can only be seen with a microscope. They are about 10 times smaller than a typical human cell.
Where are They Found?
They can be found everywhere! Some microbes can make you ill, but there are also good microbes found in our bodies which keep us healthy.
What Can Harmful Microbes Do To Our Bodies?
Some harmful microbes can invade our bodies and cause infectious diseases such as flu and measles. The recent pandemic COVID-19 is caused by a virus named SARS-CoV-2. It causes symptoms such as fever, cough and shortness of breath.
How Do We Protect Ourselves From Harmful Microbes?
Proper hand-cleaning is essential to keep us safe from these microbes!
READ ALSO: THE IMPORTANCE OF HANDWASHING
Experiment That You Can Conduct at Home!
Conduct the following experiment to understand the importance of hand-cleaning.
Prepare the following materials/ingredients:
- Agar powder
- Anti-bacterial wipes
- Ziplock bags
Equipments Required (Or you can find these equipments in the LabX kit)
| Cotton Wool
*Purchase our LabX kit for the convenience of doing experiments anywhere!
1. Add agar powder and water into a beaker.
2. Stir and heat the mixture until it boils and ensure that all the powder is dissolved.
3. Allow the mixture to cool for 3 minutes.
4. Pour the mixture into 3 petri dishes.
5. Close the lids and leave them aside to solidify.
READ ALSO: ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT COVID-19 IN 5 MINUTES
1. Place one petri dish aside as a control set-up.
2. Label one petri dish as ‘Clean’ and the other as ‘Dirty’.
3. Choose an object to test.
4. Use a plastic pipette to damp a small cotton ball with water.
5. Rub the damp cotton ball on your chosen object.
6. Open the lid and gently rub against the agar plate labelled as ‘Dirty’, then close the lid.
7. Clean the same object using anti-bacterial wipes.
8. Damp another piece of cotton ball and rub against the object.
9. Open the lid of the petri dish and gently rub against the agar plate labelled as ‘Clean’, then close the lid.
10. Flip and place them upside down in separate ziplock bags.
11. Store them in the same location for 2-4 days.
12. Observe the changes in the agar plates.
Enjoy this experiment?
This experiment is extracted from Marshall Cavendish Education's LabX kit. It comes with complete experiment steps and worksheets!
Purchase our LabX kit and 18 access cards to all 18 experiments with us today!
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Giveaway Contest to Win LabX Kit + 1 Experiment (U.P. $46)
Share photos of your agar plate with us from 2 April 2020 to 30 April 2020 and stand a chance to win 1 set of LabX kit & LabX experiment (Personal Hygiene & Bacteria) worth $46!
Source: MicrobeWorld.org/Tasha Sturm/Cabrillo College
3 lucky winners will be selected. Share it via the post in our FB/IG page under the respective comments section.